What is ADHD, Bipolar Disorder and OCD?

Mental illness or mental health disorders are common and feel like a battle with your own brain. But no one wants to talk about them. People with mental health issues like ADHD, Bipolar disorder and OCD might feel embarrassed and ashamed when it comes to talking openly. Because they might have a fear of being judged by others. Some might not even know and aren't aware about these mental health issues.

So, this blog is about ADHD, Bipolar disorder and OCD.


1. What is ADHD, Bipolar disorder and OCD?

2. Causes

3. Symptoms

4. Complications or effects

5. Treatment


These are some common and chronic mental health issues that might occur in one due to genetics, brain structure or environment. Due to these factors, one has to face a lot of problems. As these problems are invisible, it is necessary that everyone should be aware of them. So, if they have any, then they can be diagnosed. It's not a burden, it's just a problem.

ADHD - ADHD or Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is a condition in which one has attention difficulty, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. It is a chronic neurodevelopmental disorder. People with this disorder find it hard to concentrate and focus and can't control on impulsive behaviours and end up overthinking and getting irritated.

ADHD has three types depending on symptoms -

1. Predominantly Inattentive - With this type, an individual has trouble paying attention and following directions. They often get distracted easily and can't focus.

2. Predominantly Hyperactive Impulsive - In this type of ADHD, an individual finds it hard to be inactive. They can't sit still for long. One might face trouble with impulsivity and can show inappropriate behaviour.

3. Combined ADHD - If an individual possess symptoms of above two types then it's combined ADHD.

As symptoms may change over time, so these types also can!

Bipolar Disorder - It is a psychological instability in which individual experience mood shifts and extremely elevated mood is called mania. This is also called bipolar mania or hypo-mania.

This can lead to major depression episode in which symptoms are hard to notice. It is of several types like:

1. Bipolar I

2. Bipolar II

3. Cyclothymic disorder

4. Bipolar disorder due to another substance abuse

OCD - Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder. In this, an individual has repeating and undesirable thoughts and sensations (obsessions) that cause them to feel headed to accomplish something repetitively (compulsions). And they might experience angry outbursts called "anger attacks."

OCD also has various types:

1. Mental contamination

2. Doubt about any harm

3. Symmetry and order

4. Ruminative thoughts

OCD is a mood disorder and an individual has obsession and experience compulsions.


These mental health issues are associated with different factors depending on person to person. These conditions can occur due to some common factors:

• genetics or blood relatives

• premature birth

• maternal drug use during pregnancy

• undeveloped brain or neurological problem

• environmental toxins

• traumatic experiences

Some other factors may also increase the risk of these conditions.


The psychological problems are hard to notice. One should be aware of the symptoms of the issue to overtake them. Some of the common symptoms of these issues are :


.1. Inability to sit still

2. Easily distracted

3. Poor organisational skills

4. Restlessness

5. Anxiety attacks

6. Insomnia

7. Poor memory

8. Talking quickly and babbling

9. Low tolerance and hot tempered

10. Not listening to others or not being able to process what is being said

11. Emotional outbursts.

Bipolar disorder -

1. Euphoria or irritability

2. Inflated self-esteem

3. Excessive energy and activity

4. Severe mood swings

5. Risk-taking behaviour

6. Mania to depression

7. Cyclic shifts in mood


1. Habit of repeating

2. Excessive checking

3. Very protective

4. Guilt

5. Routines and rituals

6. Superstitious beliefs

7. Worrying about anything

8. Fear of contamination like washing hands again and again.

One might encounter different symptoms and problems too depending on their condition.


These health issues impact a person's whole life and one has to fight for health everyday. These illnesses can be mild, moderate or severe. One might feel different experiences and possessions like:

• Depression

• Suicidal attempts

• Damaged relationships

• Sleep issues

• Bad at academics

• Daydreaming

• Overthinking -

• Cardiac problems

• Paranoia

• Dizziness

• Stoke

Moreover, extreme conditions can lead to sudden death also.


The psychiatric illnesses are serious and require proper treatment. You spend most of your life inside your head. Make it a nice place to be.

There are several points that must be kept in mind for proper functioning of the brain and body:

1. Diet - Healthy and balanced diet plays an important role in one's well being. People with ADHD should emphasize on high protein diet and OMEGA-3. Avoid less simple carbohydrates like sugar, white bread and sweets.

2. Behavioural therapy - can help people to get organized and replace negativity with positivity.

3. Classroom accommodations - Children should be given breaks and extended time for tests. This would help them to finish the task.

4. Physical control - They should learn to manage anger to control physical behaviour.

5. Avoid drug and alcohol consumption.

6. Use a journal to share ideas.

7. Strategies to control your behaviour, anger and impulsivity.

8. Keep yourself motivated and show some self-love.

After all, you are not a victim. You are a warrior. Don't let others judge you. You are not different. Famous people like Albert Einstein, Sir Isaac Newton and Henry Ford also had ADHD.

Remember, your mental health is a priority. Your happiness is essential. Your self-care is a necessity.

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